Spirituality is a concept that is difficult to define, as it means something different to everyone. For some, it is closely linked to religion and a higher power, while for others it is a non-religious experience. It can be found within religions such as Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism, as well as without religion. It can be expressed through prayer, connecting with nature or art, or even through yoga and meditation.
Your personal definition of spirituality can change over time, depending on your life experiences and relationships. For example, some people may find spiritual fulfillment in a church or temple, while others may find it in nature or art. Praying every day is one example of spirituality. Other examples include excusing someone for their hurtful actions and suggesting they focus on the positive, or recognizing the connection between all living things.
The main characteristics of spirituality are not exclusive to spirituality; for instance, self-transcendence, asceticism, and recognizing the connection between all living things were also identified by atheist Arthur Schopenhauer as essential to an ethical life. Spirituality is a broad concept that can be expressed in many different ways. It is important to find what works for you and to recognize that your definition of spirituality may change over time.